andrew burke





A Sunset Walk Around The Walls of Carcassonne

Posted on: 2015-09-13

In Carcassonne, we stayed at the Inter-Hotel Les Oliviers, a modern-looking suite hotel just a few blocks away from the Old City. After many days of hiking and tenting among increasingly beautiful textures and charming decay, it was a relief to stay in a place with plain white walls, modern conveniences, and utilitarian furniture.

There is no charge to enter the Old City of Carcassonne, so we spent our time in town napping at the hotel and wandering over to explore the more-or-less medieval old city.

As the sun began to go down on our first full day there, I recalled a passage from Henry James' "A Little Tour In France":

As a votary, always, in the first instance, of a general impression, I walked all round the outer enceinte, - a process on the very face of it entertaining. I took to the right of the Porte de l'Aude, without entering it, where the old moat has been filled in. The filling-in of the moat has created a grassy level at the foot of the big gray towers, which, rising at frequent intervals, stretch their stiff curtain of stone from point to point. The curtain drops without a fold upon the quiet grass, which was dotted here and there with a humble native, dozing away the golden afternoon.

So I decided to take an evening walk around the walls of the city.

I didn't see any dozing natives (only a few dozen people actually live inside the old city now) but some kids nearly ran me over on their bicycles as I started my circuit of the walls.

Biking Around Old Carcassonne

We had been treated to beautiful golden sunsets almost every night here in Languedoc, and I could tell that tonight would be no different. I had a feeling that this would be a special walk.

Fairytale Walls of Carcassonne

I was right - and I'm glad that I brought my camera.

After the first turn I came upon perhaps the oldest part of the fortifications, where the inner walls are punctuated by the original Visigoth towers, built in the Roman style in the fifth century.

The Ancient Walls of Carcassonne

For some reason I grew very fond of these ancient towers in my time at Carcassonne, with their hat-like tile roofs and alternating rows of bricks - a style I had last seen in some of the older parts of Istanbul.

Visigoth / Roman Tower in Carcassonne

I especially liked how from below the Visigoth towers look like shocked, shouting people in hats:

Oh No! Here Come the Crusaders!

They were not looking out at invading armies of Moors, Crusaders, or heretics, but instead a rather pretty sunset view of the newer parts of Carcassonne, dominated for these few late-summer days by a giant "eye" ferris wheel.

Carcassonne Skyline from the Old City Ramparts

I rounded a corner and found a section of the walls that was directly facing the setting sun. I guessed that this part would only get more dramatic in the next while, so it would be worth lingering. Lingering didn't turn out to be an option after all: halfway along, a spur of the fortifications went all the way down-hill to the town below, and to get through I had to go down and around this spur.

Fortifications of Carcassonne

According to Viollet-le-Duc's book, this spur connected the rear of the fortress's keep to a fortified bastion at the foot of the hill. This gave the defenders access to the town so they could sally forth and attack their enemies from behind (or maybe quickly escape an attack from the other side). The bastion is long gone, but has been replaced by a parking lot and, more notably, a lovely church, designed by Viollet-le-Duc himself.

Saint Gimer at Sunset

To get back to the main walls, I now had to climb up a passageway that had clearly been designed for maximum defence in case the bastion was overrun. Hardpoints stuck out from alternating inner walls, forcing attackers into an uphill zig-zag pattern, slowing them down to make them easy targets for the surrounding archers.

Climbing Back to the Cité

In some alternate universe Carcasonne is not a gentle tile-laying game for the whole family, but an intense Tower Defence video game with a "Game of Thrones" vibe, like an extra gory Kingdom Rush.

By the time I made it to the last turn, the sunlight was coming in almost horizontally, casting shadows of the outer walls onto the inner walls.

Shadows of Fortifications

It's easy to forget that these naked stone walls are only the skeleton of what would have originally been here. You can see where wooden support beams would have been inserted to support extra fortification structures above and around these stone walls. We should also try to imagine colourful flags and banners flying everywhere too. The naked stone is impressive, but we don't often appreciate how colourful a place like this would have been in its heyday.

The sunset was now coming right through the arrow slits in the walls, casting long thin beams of light. Here I caught a spider's web:

Arrow Slit Sunset

And otherwise dark passages would have a single thin light shining in:

Arrow Slit Sunset

When I finally reached the multi-level vaulted gatehouse, the already complicated and lovely architecture was made even more so by its own shadows falling back on itself.

Rear Entrance Vaults

You an clearly see here the slots where the wooden beams would have gone, giving this whole structure a ceiling - and making that door at the top a whole lot more useful:


Passing through the gatehouse I found myself following the walls downhill to another entrance gate. The golden sunset and the towers made this look even more like a fairy-tale than it already had been:

Fairy-Tale Carcassonne

Going down the little road and looking back, I saw a gorgeous view of the walls and keep of Carcassonne, golden in the sunset.

Carcassonne at Sunset

This all looked oddly familiar, though, but I couldn't quite place it. Then I realized, this was the iconic view of Carcassonne as seen on the box of the game itself:

"Carcassonne-game" by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia.

By the time I reached the next corner, the sun was falling below the trees.

Sunset Towers of Carcassonne

The light that reached the towers was now turning a darker and darker red, making them look especially dramatic, if not forboding.

Sunset on the Battlements

I climbed up towards the main entrance, past a set of stands set up as if for a tournament:

Sunset Over the Stands

The space between the walls was especially wide here, and part of it was used for parking. I have to admit this somewhat ruined the magical medieval feeling of the place - but I did find a group of lovely Citroen 2CVs:


Soon after the 2CVs I found myself back at the main entrance. I had finished my sunset circuit of the walls, which turned out to be far more magical than I could have imagined. I recalled the lines from Henry James, similarly entranced over a century earlier:

I treated myself, in the most infatuated manner, to another walk round the Cite. It is certainly this general impression that is most striking, - the impression from outside, where the whole place detaches itself at once from the landscape. In the warm southern dusk it looked more than ever like a city in a fairy-tale.

Fairy Tale Carcassonne

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